07/03/2019 . By Timothy E. Kaldas

The short term faith that Sisi will deliver stability and reform while stemming the flow of migrants may eventually give way to the long term reality; Egypt’s political system is highly fragile, while its economic program appears unsustainable, delivering pain without viable gain.

12/04/2018 . By Mohamed Ezz

Egypt’s Informal Settlements Development Fund has launched various projects to map out informal areas and plan related intervention policies. Such interventions, however, had a detrimental effect on the social and economic conditions of people living in these unsafe areas.

11/06/2018 . By Lindsay Carroll

The dam and the security challenges it presents underline the need for improved water management and continued support from international actors such as the United States with considerations of environmental impacts on security.

10/02/2018 . By Dylan Johnson

Over the last decade, Egypt has received billions of dollars in external investments, loans, grants, cash transfers, and development projects, but only two initiatives have focused on education, and the first of those failed to achieve its goals.

08/22/2018 . By Osama Diab

In July, the IMF released its third review of the economic reform program, which, very much like the previous two reviews, was full of praise of the Egyptian authorities for the strong implementation of the economic reform program.

07/01/2019 . By TIMEP

This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant information on regional issues, laws, and policies, highlighting the context in which developments occur, their trajectories, and implications.

06/20/2019 . By TIMEP

The Bankruptcy Law relaxes restrictions on businesses and individuals facing bankruptcy, thus alleviating an important hurdle to enterprise creation.

06/05/2019 . By TIMEP

This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant information on regional issues, laws, and policies, highlighting the context in which developments occur, their trajectories, and implications.

05/30/2019 . By TIMEP

In light of the government’s economic reform program, the Industrial Licensing Law furthers efforts to liberalize the economy. The law reduces the amount of time required for businesses to become recognized entities by the government.

05/09/2019 . By TIMEP

The VAT Law is expected to streamline tax collection, broaden the tax base, and formalize the informal economy, bringing additional revenue to the government. The VAT Law replaced the previous sales tax scheme with one designed to make revenue collection easier and tax evasion more difficult.

04/03/2015 . By TIMEP

TIMEP acknowledges the necessity of the administration’s decision to overhaul its aid relationship with Egypt in a way that more appropriately focuses on security and terrorism.

03/21/2018 . By TIMEP

Egypt’s 2018 presidential election period offers little illusion of any outcome than the president’s reelection. Yet Sisi’s second term will have important implications in several policy areas.

04/23/2018 . By TIMEP

Egypt’s finance minister presented the official state budget to the House of Representatives and representatives intensified discussions regarding political party consolidation.

07/05/2017 . By Osama Diab

Throughout June, the Egyptian cabinet and parliament debated a budget for the 2017–18 fiscal year, which began on July 1. The budget has been referred to in Egypt as the

07/24/2018 . By TIMEP

This report outlines trends and developments that have taken place in the past five years of the war on terror and examines the legal and political context in which they have occurred. Finally, it offers summary findings to further efforts to establish peace and security centered on rights and the rule of law.