This week, officers went into the Dokki Police Station and threatened to send Egyptian activist and blogger Alaa Abdel Fattah back to jail if he did not stop talking about
The Egyptian government is currently in the midst of amending its constitution, with grave consequences for the political pluralism that blossomed in the wake of the 2011 revolution. The amendments, if passed, will allow President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi to pursue up to two consecutive six-year terms after his current term ends in 2022.
In one of the least surprising political developments in Egypt since 2013, President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s allies are moving to amend Egypt’s constitution so that he can continue to rule the country until 2034.
On December 12, 2018, Emad Kamal Sadek, 49, and his son David Emad, 21, were shot and killed by Rabea Mustafa Khalefa, an Egyptian police officer and guard, in front of the Holiness Revival Church in Minya in Upper Egypt.
When Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir visited Cairo on the week commemorating the Egyptian 2011 revolution, receiving needed public support from Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi during a joint press conference,
Egypt’s 2019 constitutional amendments contribute to preexisting trends of an eroding rule of law, a shrinking public sphere, and a consolidation of executive and military authority. TIMEP coverage of the constitutional amendments, listed and summarized here, provides context and analysis on the text of the amendments, developments around the amendment process, and their implications.
The VAT Law is expected to streamline tax collection, broaden the tax base, and formalize the informal economy, bringing additional revenue to the government. The VAT Law replaced the previous sales tax scheme with one designed to make revenue collection easier and tax evasion more difficult.
This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant information on regional issues, laws, and policies, highlighting the context in which developments occur, their trajectories, and implications.
Similar to previous national elections, Egypt’s 2019 constitutional amendments referendum was marred by practices meant to silence opposition voices and promote a specific government agenda, and the determination of participation rates and a final ballot count was not transparent.
The constitutional amendments would allow President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi to serve a total of at least 16 years, granting him an additional eight years in office beyond the date that his second term was initially set to expire in 2022.
TIMEP continues to call on the Egyptian government to adhere to its domestic and international obligations to guarantee freedom of expression.
TIMEP offers condolences to victims and families killed in the attack on the Sufi mosque in Bir al-Abd, North Sinai, and resoundingly denounces this attack and ongoing violence in Egypt.
TIMEP continues to call on the Egyptian government to immediately end its persecution of Egypt’s LGBT community and wider crackdown on individual freedoms and freedom of expression.
On Sunday April 16, a Cairo criminal court acquitted Egyptian-American activist Aya Hijazi and six co-defendants on charges of human trafficking, kidnapping, and the sexual exploitation and torture of children.
The letter addressed the current crackdown on Egypt’s civil society organizations, human rights defenders, and media workers as evidenced by the continuation of the 2011 legal case against NGOs.
The fact sheet here describes the various individuals who announced their intention to contest the elections, the response to that announcement, and other relevant information about their campaigns.
The final brief in the Pulling Back the Curtain series highlights developments and dynamics during and after the voting period, focusing on domestic and international reactions to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s reelection.
Rather than present a vision for Egypt’s next four years, Sisi eschewed any real policy platform in favor of mobilizing sentiments of both fear and patriotism to ensure that citizens participate in the vote.
Egypt’s 2018 presidential election period offers little illusion of any outcome than the president’s reelection. Yet Sisi’s second term will have important implications in several policy areas.
These repressive measures notwithstanding, the period also included genuine resistance, both to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi and to the compulsory nature of his reelection.
Following the ratification of the constitutional amendments in April, the cabinet introduced and referred several bills to the House that would bring laws regulating judicial authority in line with the new language in the constitution.
Speaker of the House of Representatives Ali Abdel ‘Al hosted new World Bank President David Malpass to discuss recent economic reforms in Egypt and to offer a history of Egypt’s House of Representatives.
President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi traveled to China as part of the Belt and Road Summit, an economic forum attended by prominent business officials and world leaders.
Referendum results were announced on April 23 with 88.8 percent of voters approving the proposal according to government tallies.
The Constitutional Affairs Committee within the House of Representatives finalized the proposed constitutional amendments after reviewing all feedback for the initiative, and the package was subsequently referred to plenary session for the entire legislature to deliberate and vote upon.
On May 16, the Armed Forces’ General Command issued an update on the Sinai Peninsula, claiming that 47 individuals were killed in counter-terror operations and another 158 arrested over a span of about two months.
On May 7, Egypt’s Court of Cassation rejected an appeal of a 2017 ruling that sentenced 13 individuals convicted of belonging to Ajnad Masr to death
On April 28, Wilayat Sinai claimed an IED attack targeting a mine-resistant, ambush-protected vehicle (MRAP) near Rafah.
Wilayat Sinai claimed responsibility for an improvised explosive device (IED) attack targeting pro-government tribal elements in Rafah and an IED attack in Arish targeting soldiers.
Security forces placed Arish on lockdown after intelligence reports indicated that militants had infiltrated the city center and Wilayat Sinai claimed responsibility for an April 12 suicide operation which reportedly killed two militants and wounded three police forces.
Our infographic provides a brief snapshot into the central entity established by Egyptian authorities in the wake of the January 25 Revolution to be responsible for reparations,
The common court system is made up of three tiers: courts of first instance, courts of appeal, and the Court of Cassation. The structure and jurisdiction of the common court system is determined by the Judicial Authority Law, the Criminal Procedure Code, and the Civil and Commercial Procedure Code.
Regardless of the name they are given, the structure they take, and the scope they adopt, the purpose of truth-seeking measures is often the same: to construct a narrative about the period of conflict or repression.
Even a well-functioning domestic judiciary may not necessarily result in accountability for every abuse committed. For this reason, domestic trials cannot be the only transitional justice mechanism relied on by a country.
Depending on the political context following a period of repression and conflict, amnesties may be able to serve as a complementary transitional justice tool to support other mechanisms of justice; however, if abused, they can entirely fail to guarantee justice for the victims of crimes and further a culture of impunity.