A restorative approach to justice, institution- and institution capacity-building can help curb the cycle of retributive violence as social bonds are re-established, and can help achieve security, stability, and accountability, which Iraq desperately needs.
Regardless of the political outcome, Kirkukis are demanding their say in the future. Civil society, youth, and intellectuals of the city are and must be further engaged to be represented in determining their future.
Last November, one of the Kurdistan Region’s few remaining judges seen as independent announced his resignation as a member of the regional judicial council. Judge Latif Sheikh Mustafa was protesting
The Iraqi parliament’s upper house, constitutionally defined as the Federation Council, has never been established. Establishing the Federation Council would be a step forward in Iraq’s democratization and ability to resolve disputes.
Influential and activist members of several Kurdistan opposition parties have sought to introduce reforms, but these have largely been rejected by the political elite in their parties.
TIMEP Nonresident Fellow Hassan Hassan answered questions about recent terrorist attacks in Beirut and Paris apparently carried out by the Islamic State.