02/25/2019 . By Timothy E. Kaldas

In one of the least surprising political developments in Egypt since 2013, President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s allies are moving to amend Egypt’s constitution so that he can continue to rule the country until 2034.

01/11/2019 . By Kamal Chomani

Last November, one of the Kurdistan Region’s few remaining judges seen as independent announced his resignation as a member of the regional judicial council. Judge Latif Sheikh Mustafa was protesting

12/14/2018 . By Aymen Abderrahmen

In the four years since the truth commission was formed, Tunisia’s most prominent political forces—known among Tunisians as “the two sheikhs”—have worked to undermine transitional justice.

11/08/2018 . By Kamal Chomani

The Iraqi parliament’s upper house, constitutionally defined as the Federation Council, has never been established. Establishing the Federation Council would be a step forward in Iraq’s democratization and ability to resolve disputes.

11/01/2018 . By Tarek Hussein

Between July 2013 and January 2018, over 3,000 people received preliminary death sentences in 65 criminal cases tried in both civilian and military courts.

03/18/2019 . By TIMEP

Should governments and international institutions prematurely encourage returns, refugees may feel pressured or forced to return to an environment that they do not have sufficient information about or that may end up being unsafe, unstable, or even life-threatening for them—raising serious moral and international legal considerations.

03/04/2019 . By TIMEP

This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant information on regional issues, laws, and policies, highlighting the context in which developments occur, their trajectories, and implications.

02/28/2019 . By TIMEP

Summary: On December 20, 2018, the defendants in Case 173, popularly known as Egypt’s foreign funding case, were acquitted in a widely anticipated retrial. The case dates to 2011, when

02/12/2019 . By TIMEP

The Uber and Careem Law is significant in that it regulates ride-sharing companies for the first time in the country’s history. The law has serious implications for privacy because it creates a scheme in which ride-sharing companies must maintain user data for a lengthy period of time and provide it to authorities when asked, contributing to the state’s expansive surveillance mechanism.

02/11/2019 . By TIMEP

This compilation of January’s TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant information on regional issues, laws, and policies, highlighting the context in which developments occur, their trajectories, and implications. 

05/16/2016 . By TIMEP

TIMEP is pleased to announce the Transitional Justice Project, an innovative, timely initiative that addresses crucial issues at the heart of political transitions across the Middle East.

04/26/2016 . By TIMEP

TIMEP reiterates the principle that Egypt’s long-term stability is dependent on a free, functioning political and social climate.

02/05/2015 . By TIMEP

TIMEP condemns the 25-year sentence issued by Egyptian judge Nagy Shehata yesterday against activist Ahmed Douma and 229 other defendants in a case marked by numerous judicial irregularities.

05/21/2014 . By TIMEP

While elections are an important step in Egypt’s democratic transition, other signs of progress must be demonstrated before Egypt can be said to be on a path toward democracy.

03/27/2014 . By TIMEP

TIMEP expresses hope that both the upcoming campaign season and presidential election will be conducted in a manner in keeping with established international norms associated with free and fair elections.

08/22/2018 . By TIMEP

The fact sheet here describes the various individuals who announced their intention to contest the elections, the response to that announcement, and other relevant information about their campaigns.

05/15/2018 . By TIMEP

The final brief in the Pulling Back the Curtain series highlights developments and dynamics during and after the voting period, focusing on domestic and international reactions to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s reelection.

04/20/2018 . By TIMEP

Rather than present a vision for Egypt’s next four years, Sisi eschewed any real policy platform in favor of mobilizing sentiments of both fear and patriotism to ensure that citizens participate in the vote.

03/21/2018 . By TIMEP

Egypt’s 2018 presidential election period offers little illusion of any outcome than the president’s reelection. Yet Sisi’s second term will have important implications in several policy areas.

02/01/2018 . By TIMEP

These repressive measures notwithstanding, the period also included genuine resistance, both to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi and to the compulsory nature of his reelection.

03/13/2019 . By TIMEP

The Constitutional Affairs Committee is holding several dialogue sessions with political figures and civil society members to discuss the proposed constitutional amendments. The body is expected to meet twice next week and complete its outreach by March 24.

02/27/2019 . By TIMEP

After the House of Representatives agreed in principle to the proposed constitutional amendments on February 14, several political parties and their members engaged in internal disputes or split due to differing opinions on the proposal. Notable parties with internal strife included the Wafd, Conservative, and Democratic Egypt Parties. Some members resigned from their respective organizations, while others were subject to internal investigations.

02/15/2019 . By TIMEP

The House of Representatives agreed in principle to the proposed constitutional amendments. Media reports indicated a vote of 485 to 18 in favor, though no official tabulation or record of votes was released. Speaker of the House Ali Abdel ‘Al subsequently referred the amendments to the Constitutional and Legislative Affairs Committee, which will review the proposal for up to 60 days.

02/06/2019 . By TIMEP

Summary Representatives from the Coalition in Support of Egypt officially proposed amendments to the constitution, which include extending presidential term limits to two six-year terms. The amendments would also reduce

02/05/2019 . By TIMEP

TIMEP’s infographic “Amending Egypt’s Constitution” helps users better understand the process for amending the constitution as laid out by Articles 133 to 143 of the House of Representatives’ bylaws and Article 226 of the constitution.

07/24/2018 . By TIMEP

This report outlines trends and developments that have taken place in the past five years of the war on terror and examines the legal and political context in which they have occurred. Finally, it offers summary findings to further efforts to establish peace and security centered on rights and the rule of law.

07/06/2015 . By Mai El-Sadany

The new counter-terrorism draft law aimed “to amend the country’s criminal procedures law and penal code to stiffen penalties on terrorism crimes.

05/20/2015 . By Mai El-Sadany

The Terrorist Entities Law has various components that ensures that the process of designating terrorist will be subjective, inconsistent, and subject to human error.

07/19/2014 . By Mai El-Sadany

A look at the development of terror legislation in Egypt reveals some highly problematic loopholes that have allowed for possible violations of Egypt’s international rights’ obligations.

12/14/2018 . By Aymen Abderrahmen

In the four years since the truth commission was formed, Tunisia’s most prominent political forces—known among Tunisians as “the two sheikhs”—have worked to undermine transitional justice.

10/22/2018 . By TIMEP

The common court system is made up of three tiers: courts of first instance, courts of appeal, and the Court of Cassation. The structure and jurisdiction of the common court system is determined by the Judicial Authority Law, the Criminal Procedure Code, and the Civil and Commercial Procedure Code.

. By TIMEP

Regardless of the name they are given, the structure they take, and the scope they adopt, the purpose of truth-seeking measures is often the same: to construct a narrative about the period of conflict or repression.

. By TIMEP

Even a well-functioning domestic judiciary may not necessarily result in accountability for every abuse committed. For this reason, domestic trials cannot be the only transitional justice mechanism relied on by a country.

. By TIMEP

Depending on the political context following a period of repression and conflict, amnesties may be able to serve as a complementary transitional justice tool to support other mechanisms of justice; however, if abused, they can entirely fail to guarantee justice for the victims of crimes and further a culture of impunity.