11/08/2018 . By Kamal Chomani

The Iraqi parliament’s upper house, constitutionally defined as the Federation Council, has never been established. Establishing the Federation Council would be a step forward in Iraq’s democratization and ability to resolve disputes.

11/01/2018 . By Tarek Hussein

Between July 2013 and January 2018, over 3,000 people received preliminary death sentences in 65 criminal cases tried in both civilian and military courts.

09/20/2018 . By Kamal Chomani

Influential and activist members of several Kurdistan opposition parties have sought to introduce reforms, but these have largely been rejected by the political elite in their parties.

08/02/2018 . By Kamal Chomani

Along with a widespread commitment to democracy among Turks and a resilient civil society, the victory of a pro-Kurdish rights party in securing enough votes to enter parliament could still strengthen Turkey’s democracy and regional stability.

07/13/2018 . By Mai El-Sadany

Many observers found it ironic when Egypt’s House of Representatives preliminarily approved a draft law that would grant amnesties to a designated cadre of high-ranking Egyptian military officers.

11/09/2018 . By TIMEP

The law was retroactively approved by the House of Representatives in a hasty process that involved the review of 341 decrees in 15 days once the legislature reconvened in January 2016.

09/04/2018 . By TIMEP

In August 2018 alone, the Trump administration released nearly $400 million in withheld military assistance to Egypt ($195 million in FY16 and $195 million in FY17).

08/15/2018 . By TIMEP

The Counter-terrorism Law sets forth the official state definitions for a terrorist, terrorist act, and terrorist financing using vague language that is subject to broad interpretation.

08/08/2018 . By TIMEP

The sum had been withheld in August 2017 on the basis of Egypt’s law on nongovernmental organizations, relations with North Korea, and the unresolved 2012–13 NGO trial.

07/24/2018 . By TIMEP

This report outlines trends and developments that have taken place in the past five years of the war on terror and examines the legal and political context in which they have occurred. Finally, it offers summary findings to further efforts to establish peace and security centered on rights and the rule of law.

05/16/2016 . By TIMEP

TIMEP is pleased to announce the Transitional Justice Project, an innovative, timely initiative that addresses crucial issues at the heart of political transitions across the Middle East.

04/26/2016 . By TIMEP

TIMEP reiterates the principle that Egypt’s long-term stability is dependent on a free, functioning political and social climate.

02/05/2015 . By TIMEP

TIMEP condemns the 25-year sentence issued by Egyptian judge Nagy Shehata yesterday against activist Ahmed Douma and 229 other defendants in a case marked by numerous judicial irregularities.

05/21/2014 . By TIMEP

While elections are an important step in Egypt’s democratic transition, other signs of progress must be demonstrated before Egypt can be said to be on a path toward democracy.

03/27/2014 . By TIMEP

TIMEP expresses hope that both the upcoming campaign season and presidential election will be conducted in a manner in keeping with established international norms associated with free and fair elections.

08/22/2018 . By TIMEP

The fact sheet here describes the various individuals who announced their intention to contest the elections, the response to that announcement, and other relevant information about their campaigns.

05/15/2018 . By TIMEP

The final brief in the Pulling Back the Curtain series highlights developments and dynamics during and after the voting period, focusing on domestic and international reactions to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s reelection.

04/20/2018 . By TIMEP

Rather than present a vision for Egypt’s next four years, Sisi eschewed any real policy platform in favor of mobilizing sentiments of both fear and patriotism to ensure that citizens participate in the vote.

03/21/2018 . By TIMEP

Egypt’s 2018 presidential election period offers little illusion of any outcome than the president’s reelection. Yet Sisi’s second term will have important implications in several policy areas.

02/01/2018 . By TIMEP

These repressive measures notwithstanding, the period also included genuine resistance, both to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi and to the compulsory nature of his reelection.

11/13/2018 . By TIMEP

At the World Youth Forum, President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi announced that he would permit a study into potential amendments for the NGO Law. Representatives mostly praised the decision.

11/05/2018 . By TIMEP

Representatives from the Mashreq Committee in the European Parliament traveled to Egypt and met with officials from the Egyptian House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee.

10/29/2018 . By TIMEP

In light of Coptic Orthodox monks being removed and arrested from the Deir al-Sultan Monastery in Jerusalem, officials in the House of Representatives condemned the incident.

10/22/2018 . By TIMEP

The House of Representatives approved President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s renewal of the three-month state of emergency. Most representatives supported the decision, though the 25-30 Bloc notably condemned the House’s approval of the executive decision.

10/15/2018 . By TIMEP

The House of Representatives will resume session on Tuesday, October 2; parliament is expected to hold committee leadership elections on the same day and designate time to allow representatives to submit requests to change committee assignments.

07/24/2018 . By TIMEP

This report outlines trends and developments that have taken place in the past five years of the war on terror and examines the legal and political context in which they have occurred. Finally, it offers summary findings to further efforts to establish peace and security centered on rights and the rule of law.

07/06/2015 . By Mai El-Sadany

The new counter-terrorism draft law aimed “to amend the country’s criminal procedures law and penal code to stiffen penalties on terrorism crimes.

05/20/2015 . By Mai El-Sadany

The Terrorist Entities Law has various components that ensures that the process of designating terrorist will be subjective, inconsistent, and subject to human error.

07/19/2014 . By Mai El-Sadany

A look at the development of terror legislation in Egypt reveals some highly problematic loopholes that have allowed for possible violations of Egypt’s international rights’ obligations.

10/22/2018 . By TIMEP

The common court system is made up of three tiers: courts of first instance, courts of appeal, and the Court of Cassation. The structure and jurisdiction of the common court system is determined by the Judicial Authority Law, the Criminal Procedure Code, and the Civil and Commercial Procedure Code.

. By TIMEP

Regardless of the name they are given, the structure they take, and the scope they adopt, the purpose of truth-seeking measures is often the same: to construct a narrative about the period of conflict or repression.

. By TIMEP

Even a well-functioning domestic judiciary may not necessarily result in accountability for every abuse committed. For this reason, domestic trials cannot be the only transitional justice mechanism relied on by a country.

. By TIMEP

Depending on the political context following a period of repression and conflict, amnesties may be able to serve as a complementary transitional justice tool to support other mechanisms of justice; however, if abused, they can entirely fail to guarantee justice for the victims of crimes and further a culture of impunity.

. By TIMEP

In Egypt, truth-seeking initiatives have taken different forms, enjoyed different mandates, and maintained different degrees of authority. The success of these initiatives has varied depending on political will, independence, ability to follow through, and many other factors.