07/03/2019 . By Timothy E. Kaldas

The short term faith that Sisi will deliver stability and reform while stemming the flow of migrants may eventually give way to the long term reality; Egypt’s political system is highly fragile, while its economic program appears unsustainable, delivering pain without viable gain.

05/29/2019 . By Mohamed Elagami

Lieutenant General Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo, known as Hemedti, is the commander of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), a paramilitary force described by Human Rights Watch in a 2015 report as “Men With No Mercy” and may be the most controversial man in the TMC.

04/10/2019 . By Yasmin Omar and Mai El-Sadany

This week, officers went into the Dokki Police Station and threatened to send Egyptian activist and blogger Alaa Abdel Fattah back to jail if he did not stop talking about

04/04/2019 . By Yasmin Omar

The Egyptian government is currently in the midst of amending its constitution, with grave consequences for the political pluralism that blossomed in the wake of the 2011 revolution. The amendments, if passed, will allow President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi to pursue up to two consecutive six-year terms after his current term ends in 2022.

02/25/2019 . By Timothy E. Kaldas

In one of the least surprising political developments in Egypt since 2013, President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s allies are moving to amend Egypt’s constitution so that he can continue to rule the country until 2034.

Photo of the Ministry of Social Solidarity
07/09/2019 . By TIMEP

Egypt’s 2019 draft NGO Law governs the process by which domestic and foreign nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) can achieve legal recognition and sets forth provisions on their activities, oversight and monitoring, funding, and sanctions for violations of the law.

07/01/2019 . By TIMEP

This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant information on regional issues, laws, and policies, highlighting the context in which developments occur, their trajectories, and implications.

06/20/2019 . By TIMEP

The Bankruptcy Law relaxes restrictions on businesses and individuals facing bankruptcy, thus alleviating an important hurdle to enterprise creation.

06/17/2019 . By TIMEP

Continued application of death penalty sentences and executions in cases involving significant procedural violations raise significant concerns around the rights of citizens, the state of the judiciary and its ability to dole out justice, and the stability and security of the country.

06/10/2019 . By TIMEP

In their current form, legal mechanisms for accountability in arms transfers (namely the AECA, FAA and Leahy Law) are weakened by policies that regularly place human rights, application of the law, and long-term stability aside in favor of short-term national security objectives

05/16/2016 . By TIMEP

TIMEP is pleased to announce the Transitional Justice Project, an innovative, timely initiative that addresses crucial issues at the heart of political transitions across the Middle East.

04/26/2016 . By TIMEP

TIMEP reiterates the principle that Egypt’s long-term stability is dependent on a free, functioning political and social climate.

02/05/2015 . By TIMEP

TIMEP condemns the 25-year sentence issued by Egyptian judge Nagy Shehata yesterday against activist Ahmed Douma and 229 other defendants in a case marked by numerous judicial irregularities.

05/21/2014 . By TIMEP

While elections are an important step in Egypt’s democratic transition, other signs of progress must be demonstrated before Egypt can be said to be on a path toward democracy.

03/27/2014 . By TIMEP

TIMEP expresses hope that both the upcoming campaign season and presidential election will be conducted in a manner in keeping with established international norms associated with free and fair elections.

08/22/2018 . By TIMEP

The fact sheet here describes the various individuals who announced their intention to contest the elections, the response to that announcement, and other relevant information about their campaigns.

05/15/2018 . By TIMEP

The final brief in the Pulling Back the Curtain series highlights developments and dynamics during and after the voting period, focusing on domestic and international reactions to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s reelection.

04/20/2018 . By TIMEP

Rather than present a vision for Egypt’s next four years, Sisi eschewed any real policy platform in favor of mobilizing sentiments of both fear and patriotism to ensure that citizens participate in the vote.

03/21/2018 . By TIMEP

Egypt’s 2018 presidential election period offers little illusion of any outcome than the president’s reelection. Yet Sisi’s second term will have important implications in several policy areas.

02/01/2018 . By TIMEP

These repressive measures notwithstanding, the period also included genuine resistance, both to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi and to the compulsory nature of his reelection.

07/17/2019 . By TIMEP

The House of Representatives approved the draft NGO Law on July 15, which will replace the 2017 NGO Law if ratified by President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi. Representatives were critical of the draft law being submitted so close to the end of the legislative session, noting that they did not have an appropriate amount of time to debate it.

07/10/2019 . By TIMEP

The cabinet referred a draft NGO law to the House, which would replace the 2017 NGO Law if approved. The 2019 draft law covers funding issues with domestic and foreign civil society groups, eliminates prison sentences in exchange for harsher financial penalties for violating the law, and permits the Ministry of Social Solidarity to suspend an organization’s operations before obtaining judicial consent. 

06/27/2019 . By TIMEP

News website Mada Masr, citing anonymous parliamentary sources, reported that the draft law to establish a Supreme Council for Judicial Entities was scrapped due to a disagreement between Speaker of the House Ali Abdel ‘Al and Justice Minister

06/19/2019 . By TIMEP

The Speaker of Egypt’s House of Representatives, Ali Abdel ‘Al, traveled to China to meet with various officials in the National People’s Congress. During his meetings, Abdel ‘Al emphasized bilateral relations and discussed regional developments in the Middle East.

06/12/2019 . By TIMEP

The House of Representatives approved a series of amendments to laws governing several judicial entities. Among other changes, the amendments allow the president to appoint the heads of seven different judicial bodies.

07/24/2018 . By TIMEP

This report outlines trends and developments that have taken place in the past five years of the war on terror and examines the legal and political context in which they have occurred. Finally, it offers summary findings to further efforts to establish peace and security centered on rights and the rule of law.

07/06/2015 . By Mai El-Sadany

The new counter-terrorism draft law aimed “to amend the country’s criminal procedures law and penal code to stiffen penalties on terrorism crimes.

05/20/2015 . By Mai El-Sadany

The Terrorist Entities Law has various components that ensures that the process of designating terrorist will be subjective, inconsistent, and subject to human error.

07/19/2014 . By Mai El-Sadany

A look at the development of terror legislation in Egypt reveals some highly problematic loopholes that have allowed for possible violations of Egypt’s international rights’ obligations.

04/03/2019 . By TIMEP

Amid or subsequent to a period of conflict or repression, acknowledging victims’ need for justice via compensation in both a symbolic and actual way is an important means through which the state can take some form of responsibility for the violations that it either committed or failed to prevent.

. By TIMEP

Our infographic provides a brief snapshot into the central entity established by Egyptian authorities in the wake of the January 25 Revolution to be responsible for reparations,

12/14/2018 . By Aymen Abderrahmen

In the four years since the truth commission was formed, Tunisia’s most prominent political forces—known among Tunisians as “the two sheikhs”—have worked to undermine transitional justice.

10/22/2018 . By TIMEP

The common court system is made up of three tiers: courts of first instance, courts of appeal, and the Court of Cassation. The structure and jurisdiction of the common court system is determined by the Judicial Authority Law, the Criminal Procedure Code, and the Civil and Commercial Procedure Code.

. By TIMEP

Regardless of the name they are given, the structure they take, and the scope they adopt, the purpose of truth-seeking measures is often the same: to construct a narrative about the period of conflict or repression.