01/11/2019 . By Kamal Chomani

Last November, one of the Kurdistan Region’s few remaining judges seen as independent announced his resignation as a member of the regional judicial council. Judge Latif Sheikh Mustafa was protesting

12/14/2018 . By Aymen Abderrahmen

In the four years since the truth commission was formed, Tunisia’s most prominent political forces—known among Tunisians as “the two sheikhs”—have worked to undermine transitional justice.

11/08/2018 . By Kamal Chomani

The Iraqi parliament’s upper house, constitutionally defined as the Federation Council, has never been established. Establishing the Federation Council would be a step forward in Iraq’s democratization and ability to resolve disputes.

11/01/2018 . By Tarek Hussein

Between July 2013 and January 2018, over 3,000 people received preliminary death sentences in 65 criminal cases tried in both civilian and military courts.

09/20/2018 . By Kamal Chomani

Influential and activist members of several Kurdistan opposition parties have sought to introduce reforms, but these have largely been rejected by the political elite in their parties.

01/07/2019 . By TIMEP

By furthering an all-encompassing definition of terrorism, the Syrian regime equips itself with a legal tool that can be interpreted broadly as criminalizing not only horrific acts of terrorism but also peaceful human rights activity and dissent.

12/19/2018 . By TIMEP

Background: The Cybercrime Law went into effect after it was ratified by President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi and published in the Official Gazette edition dated August 14, 2018. Previously, the cabinet

12/13/2018 . By TIMEP

The law creates a restrictive media regulatory scheme that grants authorities broad discretion to censor or block content that is found to meet a number of vaguely phrased prohibitions.

12/12/2018 . By TIMEP

Since Egypt’s House of Representatives first convened in January 2016, it has passed numerous pieces of legislation, with significant implications for the political, economic, and social lives of Egyptians. Yet,

. By TIMEP

Seven parliamentary entities are defined by the bylaws of the Egyptian House of Representatives: the Speaker, the Speaker’s Office, the General Committee, the Ethics Committee, the Specialized Committees, the Ad

05/16/2016 . By TIMEP

TIMEP is pleased to announce the Transitional Justice Project, an innovative, timely initiative that addresses crucial issues at the heart of political transitions across the Middle East.

04/26/2016 . By TIMEP

TIMEP reiterates the principle that Egypt’s long-term stability is dependent on a free, functioning political and social climate.

02/05/2015 . By TIMEP

TIMEP condemns the 25-year sentence issued by Egyptian judge Nagy Shehata yesterday against activist Ahmed Douma and 229 other defendants in a case marked by numerous judicial irregularities.

05/21/2014 . By TIMEP

While elections are an important step in Egypt’s democratic transition, other signs of progress must be demonstrated before Egypt can be said to be on a path toward democracy.

03/27/2014 . By TIMEP

TIMEP expresses hope that both the upcoming campaign season and presidential election will be conducted in a manner in keeping with established international norms associated with free and fair elections.

08/22/2018 . By TIMEP

The fact sheet here describes the various individuals who announced their intention to contest the elections, the response to that announcement, and other relevant information about their campaigns.

05/15/2018 . By TIMEP

The final brief in the Pulling Back the Curtain series highlights developments and dynamics during and after the voting period, focusing on domestic and international reactions to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s reelection.

04/20/2018 . By TIMEP

Rather than present a vision for Egypt’s next four years, Sisi eschewed any real policy platform in favor of mobilizing sentiments of both fear and patriotism to ensure that citizens participate in the vote.

03/21/2018 . By TIMEP

Egypt’s 2018 presidential election period offers little illusion of any outcome than the president’s reelection. Yet Sisi’s second term will have important implications in several policy areas.

02/01/2018 . By TIMEP

These repressive measures notwithstanding, the period also included genuine resistance, both to President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi and to the compulsory nature of his reelection.

12/21/2018 . By TIMEP

Special elections for the three available House of Representatives seats in Tamiya, Zefta, and Arish were held December 13–14 for expatriates in Egyptian embassies and December 19–20 for domestic residents.

12/12/2018 . By TIMEP

Since Egypt’s House of Representatives first convened in January 2016, it has passed numerous pieces of legislation, with significant implications for the political, economic, and social lives of Egyptians. Yet,

. By TIMEP

Seven parliamentary entities are defined by the bylaws of the Egyptian House of Representatives: the Speaker, the Speaker’s Office, the General Committee, the Ethics Committee, the Specialized Committees, the Ad

12/11/2018 . By TIMEP

Following U.N. Special Rapporteur on the Right to Housing Leilani Farha’s statement condemning Egypt’s reprisals against housing activists whom she met with on a recent mission to the country, committees in the House of Representatives condemned Farha’s remarks.

12/03/2018 . By TIMEP

After Italian authorities announced their intention to indict up to seven Egyptian security personnel in the death of Italian graduate student Giulio Regeni in 2016, the Italian Chamber of Deputies temporarily suspended ties with Egypt’s House of Representatives.

07/24/2018 . By TIMEP

This report outlines trends and developments that have taken place in the past five years of the war on terror and examines the legal and political context in which they have occurred. Finally, it offers summary findings to further efforts to establish peace and security centered on rights and the rule of law.

07/06/2015 . By Mai El-Sadany

The new counter-terrorism draft law aimed “to amend the country’s criminal procedures law and penal code to stiffen penalties on terrorism crimes.

05/20/2015 . By Mai El-Sadany

The Terrorist Entities Law has various components that ensures that the process of designating terrorist will be subjective, inconsistent, and subject to human error.

07/19/2014 . By Mai El-Sadany

A look at the development of terror legislation in Egypt reveals some highly problematic loopholes that have allowed for possible violations of Egypt’s international rights’ obligations.

12/14/2018 . By Aymen Abderrahmen

In the four years since the truth commission was formed, Tunisia’s most prominent political forces—known among Tunisians as “the two sheikhs”—have worked to undermine transitional justice.

10/22/2018 . By TIMEP

The common court system is made up of three tiers: courts of first instance, courts of appeal, and the Court of Cassation. The structure and jurisdiction of the common court system is determined by the Judicial Authority Law, the Criminal Procedure Code, and the Civil and Commercial Procedure Code.

. By TIMEP

Regardless of the name they are given, the structure they take, and the scope they adopt, the purpose of truth-seeking measures is often the same: to construct a narrative about the period of conflict or repression.

. By TIMEP

Even a well-functioning domestic judiciary may not necessarily result in accountability for every abuse committed. For this reason, domestic trials cannot be the only transitional justice mechanism relied on by a country.

. By TIMEP

Depending on the political context following a period of repression and conflict, amnesties may be able to serve as a complementary transitional justice tool to support other mechanisms of justice; however, if abused, they can entirely fail to guarantee justice for the victims of crimes and further a culture of impunity.