How the Egyptian Government Endorses Torture
Sherif Azer

Egypt’s problems with torture are well documented. Inhumane practices that cause humiliation, severe psychological damage, and even death have become systematic inside Egyptian police stations, detention centers, and prisons. The El Nadeem Center for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence—an Egyptian nonprofit group specialized in aiding victims of torture which was recently shut down by the authorities—reported in its last report that in

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FDI Isn’t Enough for Egypt
Osama Diab

Today marks the two-year anniversary of the Egypt Economic Development Conference (EEDC), an event hyped by the Egyptian government and business community in an effort to restore trust in Egypt’s economy and bring in much-needed foreign cash. Since the conference, foreign direct investment (FDI) has indeed increased, but that does not necessarily bring good news to the unemployed and wage earners. The EEDC might be succeeding in giving Egypt more

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Mubarak’s Acquittal and the State of Transitional Justice in Egypt
Mai El-Sadany

In a final verdict on March 2, Egypt’s Court of Cassation acquitted former President Hosni Mubarak of ordering the killing of protesters during the January 25 Revolution in 2011. Mubarak had been added as a defendant to the case in May 2011, two months after it was first brought against former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly and six of his aides. In June 2012, Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison for being an “accessory to murder,” but the

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Expert Q&A on Egypt’s Bread Protests

On Tuesday March 7, protests broke out across Egypt in response to a rumored proposal from Egypt’s supply minister, Ali Meselhi, a Mubarak-era figure that was appointed in a cabinet reshuffle this February. Meselhi’s proposal would have effectively reduced daily subsidized bread loaves per recipient from five to three for Egyptians holding paper subsidy cards (which allow them to live in one governorate but work and purchase bread in another),

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Christians Flee North Sinai Violence
A Correspondent in Sinai

Over the past three weeks, approximately 140 Coptic Christian families fled the city of Arish, the capital of North Sinai, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Social Solidarity’s office in Arish. The exodus comes after the families were threatened with death by Wilayat Sinai (the Islamic State’s “Sinai Province”) as well as the killing of seven Coptic individuals in armed attacks by the group this February. Three of the victims were killed

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SPECIAL BRIEFING: Killings in Arish: Rising Sectarianism in Sinai

SPECIAL BRIEFING Killings in Arish: Rising Sectarianism in Sinai February 2017 INTRODUCTION In the last four weeks, seven Christians have been killed in the city of Arish in North Sinai, changing the nature of violence in Sinai that has recently found a home in and around Arish, North Sinai’s capital city. The crimes have involved the kidnapping, execution, and the burning alive of local Christians in Arish, and the displacement of up to several

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Freedom of Belief Restrained in the Religion Field: Part 2
Amr Ezzat

 This piece first appeared on Eshhad on January 16, 2017. Though successive Egyptian constitutions have stipulated that the freedom of belief is “absolute,” “guaranteed,” and “protected,” the actual policies of Egyptian governments prove that it is inherently violated and restricted, unless under some exceptions. Religion Field: A Tool to Curb Religious Diversity Both previous and current state policies regarding the religion field reveal

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Freedom of Belief Restrained in the Religion Field: Part 1
Amr Ezzat

This piece first appeared on Eshhad on January 6, 2017. On August 8, 2006, the Egyptian National Council for Human Rights (NCHR) held a forum to discuss a proposal to abolish the religion field from national identity cards. In the introduction to a book issued after the forum, which included different contributions from the forum, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the president of the NCHR, pointed out that “One of the most interesting things that made many

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Sinai Residents Stuck Between the State and an Insurgency
Taha Saker

February 11 marked the first day of a partial civil strike in Arish called by a number of North Sinai tribes. The civil disobedience comes amid the state’s failure to explain the circumstances behind a security operation last month that killed 10 alleged militants affiliated with the Islamic State’s Sinai Province. Police officials accused the men of being involved in an attack in January that killed eight security personnel, but the families

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Blocking the Defenders: Egypt’s Closure of El Nadeem
Magda Adly

At 11 a.m. on the morning of February 9, 2017, two doctors from the Free Treatment Department of the Ministry of Health, accompanied by about 50 policemen, headed toward the El Nadeem Center for the Rehabilitation of the Victims of Torture. Once there, they proceeded to seal the doors to the rooms belonging to the center.  The center’s employees, were not present, as Thursday is not a working day for the organization. On their way back, the police

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