Commentary

Measuring Success in Egypt’s War on Terror
Allison McManus
07/27/2017

The Egyptian Ministry of Defense posted a grainy video to its YouTube channel on Monday: A vehicle slowly approaches a checkpoint south of Arish. Nearby cars drive away and people scatter as a military tank crushes the vehicle, and presumably anyone who was inside. As the tank is driven away, a large explosion fills the screen—the detonation sends cars flying and covers the roadway in plumes of black smoke. “Success for the Heroes of the Armed

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Egypt’s Ad Campaign for Investment Law Glosses over Economic Challenges
Mohamed El Dahshan
07/20/2017

A television commercial showed beautiful young people walking out on their daily jobs, launching a homemade jam company, a food truck, or a designer furniture store. A voiceover promised that the new investment law will give “exceptional incentives to small companies, especially youth, women, entrepreneurs, and startups.” The unusual advertisement, which began airing during evening prime time throughout June as viewers tuned in to watch their

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Egypt’s Payroll Is Fine, but Its Revenues Are Too Low.
Osama Diab
07/05/2017

Throughout June, the Egyptian cabinet and parliament debated a budget for the 2017–18 fiscal year, which began on July 1. The budget has been referred to in Egypt as the “IMF budget” due to the number of restrictions in an austerity program imposed by the International Monetary Fund. The IMF—which approved a $12 billion package of loans in November 2016, in exchange for a number of reforms—aims to reduce Egypt’s public spending from around

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How Tunisia’s Anti-Graft Law Disturbs the Process of Transitional Justice
Aymen Abderrahmen
06/30/2017

On May 24, 2017, as protesters walked away from Habib Bourguiba Avenue in downtown Tunis, something unusual for this northern African country was happening. Activists on social media started sharing news of several police raids targeting “big fish” businessmen and public officials. As hours passed and more prominent names joined the list of those arrested, Tunisians on Facebook began cheering for their government for the first time in years.

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Legalized Authoritarianism: How Egypt’s Lawmakers Codify Authoritarianism
Mai El-Sadany
06/26/2017

TIMEP Nonresident Fellow Mai El-Sadany had an article published in the World Policy Journal's Summer 2017 issue, entitled "Justice Denied." The introduction of her article is excerpted here with their kind permission. The Egyptian Parliament is considering a bill to require residents to submit their names, ID numbers, and email addresses to a federal authority before using social media. Under this law, an errant tweet could result in a six-month

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How the Egyptian Church Secures Itself
Jayson Casper
06/21/2017

This past Palm Sunday two suicide bombers killed over 45 people at two churches in northern Egypt. One made his way all the way to the altar at St. George's Cathedral in the Nile Delta city of Tanta, while the other was stopped at the gate outside St. Mark's Cathedral in Alexandria, where he detonated his explosives. These attacks—along with the December 2016 bombing of St. Peter's and St. Paul's Church at the cathedral compound in Cairo, the May

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Iran in the Islamic State’s Crosshairs
Hassan Hassan
06/14/2017

Last Wednesday morning, five Sunni militants attacked the Iranian parliament and the mausoleum of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s founder, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Iranian state media reported that 17 were killed in the attacks, including all five assailants. The Tehran attacks were separate but simultaneous, and the Islamic State immediately claimed responsibility; according to al-Naba, a weekly Islamic State newsletter produced in Arabic,

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TIMEP Brief: European Arms Sales to Egypt
TIMEP
06/13/2017

Although the United States continues to be its chief provider, Egypt has diversified its weapons supply, purchasing more arms from Europe and Russia since 2014 than ever before. Europe and Russia have welcomed sales to Egypt (and the rest of the Middle East and North Africa) as their traditional market (NATO allies and other European states) has not grown since 2012. The increased ties that the arms sales have engendered between European countries

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Human Rights in the Constitution: A Survey of the Arab Uprisings
Mai El-Sadany
06/07/2017

This article was published by the Arab Center Washington DC, where the author spoke at an event last month on "Arab Constitutions in the 21st Century." When Arab citizens took to the streets in peaceful uprisings throughout 2011, their demands included “freedom,” “justice,” and “dignity.” Their governments reacted in varied ways, with some heads of state ultimately resigning their positions and others, intensifying a brutal crackdown.

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GCC Raises the Stakes in Qatar
Ola Salem
06/06/2017

Qataris woke up on Monday to news of an unprecedented political rift and border and travel isolation imposed by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Egypt, Yemen, Maldives, and a Libyan faction. Saudi Arabia took the lead in the tough measures against Qatar for their alleged support of terrorist organizations, with other countries following suit soon after. Qatar’s ambassadors in the seven countries were given 48 hours to pack up

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