Commentary

To Prevent Violence, Kurdish Government Must Address Demands of Protesters
Kamal Chomani
01/05/2018

Major protests resumed last month in many areas of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq for the first time since the Arab Spring. Demonstrators called for the dissolution of the regional cabinet, better public services, reforms, anti-corruption efforts, and the payment of public employees’ salaries on time and in full. Five protesters were killed and more than 100 wounded in clashes with security forces, while hundreds of activists, journalists, and protesters

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Needed Adjustments Unlikely in U.S. Aid to Egypt
Amr Kotb
12/22/2017

On December 21, Congress passed a continuing resolution to fund the government through January 19, 2018, avoiding a partial government shutdown set to begin at midnight the next day. As high-level budget negotiations on Capitol Hill stall over issues such as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals and the Children’s Health Insurance Program, one would assume there is still time to advocate for realistic and feasible adjustments to Egypt’s aid

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Egypt Charts Its Own Course, Regardless of Patronage
Timothy E. Kaldas
12/12/2017

As the Middle East seems ever more embroiled in the rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran, and as world powers continue to jockey for influence, Egypt has often been portrayed in various analyses as beholden to its various supporters. This week Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Cairo and met with Sisi to work toward finalizing a $30 billion deal for Russia to build a nuclear power plant and discuss resuming flights between Cairo and Moscow.

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SPECIAL BRIEFING: Attack at Rawda Mosque
TIMEP
12/07/2017

INTRODUCTION Download PDF During Friday prayers on November 24, a group of armed assailants attacked worshipers at Belal Mosque in the village of Rawda in North Sinai, killing 311 civilians, among them 27 children, and injuring 128. Egypt’s public prosecutor and eyewitnesses placed the number of assailants between 25 and 30, reporting that they used explosives and gunfire in an attempt to kill all inside, barring egress for those trying to flee.

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Egypt’s Diversifying Insurgency
Nancy Okail & Hassan Hassan
12/01/2017

On two Fridays about a month apart, Egypt faced two of the worst terrorist attacks in its modern history. The attacks typify the diversifying threats this country is facing and highlight how Egypt is emerging as a new jihadi frontier. The first attack was carried out in the Western Desert by militants linked to al-Qaeda who previously operated in Libya. At least 16 Egyptian policemen (and perhaps over 50) were killed in the attack, which took place

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After Referendum Missteps, the Kurdistan Region Can Still Prosper
Kamal Chomani
11/15/2017

The independence of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq and disputed areas such as the oil-rich city of Kirkuk was approved by 93 percent of Kurdish voters in a referendum on September 25. Many of the voters expected the creation of an independent state in the days following the vote, but less than a month later, the Kurdistan region had lost all territories it had disputed with the Iraqi government, including Kirkuk and its oil fields, after Iraqi forces

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How a State of Emergency Became Egypt’s New Normal
Nathan J. Brown & Mai El-Sadany
11/08/2017

This article first appeared on the Washington Post's Monkey Cage blog. It is republished here with their kind permission. For the first time in six months, Egyptians lived for a few days outside of a state of emergency this month. And the country’s Supreme Constitutional Court (SCC) ruled that ordinary courts — not military ones — have jurisdiction over cases involving alleged law violations in protests. But what may have seemed to be victories

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Tunisia’s Democratic Transition Is a Dream Deferred
Aymen Abderrahmen
11/01/2017

As a member of Tunisian civil society who has worked to help the country’s democratic transition, nothing hurts more than feeling obliged to stop those who say its process of transitional justice is better than that of other countries in the region. Almost seven years after the eruption of Tunisia’s Jasmine Revolution, questions remain unanswered, wounds remain open, and the dream of a by-the-book transitional justice has been deferred. While

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SPECIAL BRIEFING: Bahariya Oasis Incident
TIMEP
10/30/2017

Download PDF On Friday, October 20, a convoy of Egyptian security personnel attempting a counter-terror raid was overcome by militants near Bahariya Oasis, about 85 miles southwest of Cairo. The Ministry of Interior reported the deaths of 11 officers (including two brigadier generals), one sergeant, and four conscripts, with 13 injured and one missing. Other reports, relying on anonymous security officials, have placed the death toll at over 50.

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Social Stigma Enables Egypt’s Attack on LGBT Community
Muhammad Fadel
10/30/2017

The world has made major progress in LGBT rights in the last few years. Same-sex marriage is now allowed in several countries and the United Nations Human Rights Council appointed an independent expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Yet in Egypt, LGBT individuals and activists are still sent to prison and socially shamed and attacked. Egypt’s arrests of at least 65 people following

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