SPECIAL BRIEFING: Leaked Video of Egyptian Military Servicemen’s Extrajudicial Killings of Civilians

An April video released by Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Mekameleen channel depicts Egyptian servicemen carrying out extrajudicial killings of civilians. The video has been shared widely, prompting serious concerns about violations of international and domestic law. The video also raises questions about Egypt’s declared war on terror in the Sinai, particularly about the targets of its counter-insurgency operations. Since mid-2013, 6,268 deaths

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The Dueling Narratives of the Islamic State and the Egyptian State
Dr. Nancy Okail and Jake Greene

When President Donald Trump welcomed Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi at the White House earlier this month, Trump applauded Sisi’s efforts to fight terrorism in Egypt as Sisi boasted about his success.  Since those meetings, however, the Islamic State is actively challenging his narrative through its intensive attacks and media campaign this month. The Islamic State’s affiliate in the Sinai Peninsula, Wilayat Sinai or Sinai Province,

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What Comes Next in Syria?
Bilal Alaa

At first glance, it may appear that U.S. President Donald Trump has won this round thanks to his attack on the Shayrat airfield, which was used by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to attack Khan Sheikhoun with chemical weapons. The airstrikes were presented as a deliberate action to showcase the difference between Trump and his predecessor, President Barack Obama, scoring Trump a point in the comparison. Assad’s renewed use of chemical weapons

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The Rush for Raqqa Overlooks ISIS’ Next Moves
Hassan Hassan

If you believe reporting coming out of the group’s capital in Syria over the past few weeks, Islamic State members are nowhere to be seen in Raqqa. American officials, local activists, and fleeing residents have claimed that many of the group’s leaders and those in charge of running the city either fled or disappeared, relocating to safe havens down the Euphrates river. While U.S.-backed Kurdish forces are advancing on Raqqa, and indeed gains

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Understanding Egyptian Policy Toward Libya
Mieczysław Boduszyński, Mohamed ‘Arafa

Egypt’s policy toward Libya has been driven by legitimate security concerns, economic ties, a desire for stability in its western neighbor, and the political and ideological goals of Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi and his backers, who seek to sideline the Muslim Brotherhood at home and abroad and install strong-armed rule in Libya as a bulwark against instability. Contradictions in Cairo’s position—supporting the United Nations-led

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How the Egyptian Government Endorses Torture
Sherif Azer

Egypt’s problems with torture are well documented. Inhumane practices that cause humiliation, severe psychological damage, and even death have become systematic inside Egyptian police stations, detention centers, and prisons. The El Nadeem Center for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence—an Egyptian nonprofit group specialized in aiding victims of torture which was recently shut down by the authorities—reported in its last report that in

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FDI Isn’t Enough for Egypt
Osama Diab

Today marks the two-year anniversary of the Egypt Economic Development Conference (EEDC), an event hyped by the Egyptian government and business community in an effort to restore trust in Egypt’s economy and bring in much-needed foreign cash. Since the conference, foreign direct investment (FDI) has indeed increased, but that does not necessarily bring good news to the unemployed and wage earners. The EEDC might be succeeding in giving Egypt more

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Mubarak’s Acquittal and the State of Transitional Justice in Egypt
Mai El-Sadany

In a final verdict on March 2, Egypt’s Court of Cassation acquitted former President Hosni Mubarak of ordering the killing of protesters during the January 25 Revolution in 2011. Mubarak had been added as a defendant to the case in May 2011, two months after it was first brought against former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly and six of his aides. In June 2012, Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison for being an “accessory to murder,” but the

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Expert Q&A on Egypt’s Bread Protests

On Tuesday March 7, protests broke out across Egypt in response to a rumored proposal from Egypt’s supply minister, Ali Meselhi, a Mubarak-era figure that was appointed in a cabinet reshuffle this February. Meselhi’s proposal would have effectively reduced daily subsidized bread loaves per recipient from five to three for Egyptians holding paper subsidy cards (which allow them to live in one governorate but work and purchase bread in another),

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Christians Flee North Sinai Violence
A Correspondent in Sinai

Over the past three weeks, approximately 140 Coptic Christian families fled the city of Arish, the capital of North Sinai, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Social Solidarity’s office in Arish. The exodus comes after the families were threatened with death by Wilayat Sinai (the Islamic State’s “Sinai Province”) as well as the killing of seven Coptic individuals in armed attacks by the group this February. Three of the victims were killed

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