The exclusive monopoly on the practice of Islam and expression of ideas has not only been directed at the Shi’a but also at followers of other faiths that are not classified as “divine religions” according to the Egyptian Constitution.
Egypt’s Informal Settlements Development Fund has launched various projects to map out informal areas and plan related intervention policies. Such interventions, however, had a detrimental effect on the social and economic conditions of people living in these unsafe areas.
The Iraqi parliament’s upper house, constitutionally defined as the Federation Council, has never been established. Establishing the Federation Council would be a step forward in Iraq’s democratization and ability to resolve disputes.
The dam and the security challenges it presents underline the need for improved water management and continued support from international actors such as the United States with considerations of environmental impacts on security.
Between July 2013 and January 2018, over 3,000 people received preliminary death sentences in 65 criminal cases tried in both civilian and military courts.
With all due respect to the status of martyrs and their sacrifices, the exaggerated and inflated discourse on martyrdom, not to mention the consolidation of the spirit of submissiveness, has negative consequences for the church, Copts, and the families of the victims themselves.
Although it is too early to reach final conclusions about such an incident, the murder and the church’s response offer insight into the church’s relationship with the government.
Over the last decade, Egypt has received billions of dollars in external investments, loans, grants, cash transfers, and development projects, but only two initiatives have focused on education, and the first of those failed to achieve its goals.
Influential and activist members of several Kurdistan opposition parties have sought to introduce reforms, but these have largely been rejected by the political elite in their parties.
Along with a widespread commitment to democracy among Turks and a resilient civil society, the victory of a pro-Kurdish rights party in securing enough votes to enter parliament could still strengthen Turkey’s democracy and regional stability.