Legal Research & Documentation

Organizing in Syria: Legislative Fact Sheet

Since the March 2011 uprising, a number of decrees and laws have been passed in regime-controlled areas of Syria that significantly implicate, affect, and punish the exercise of key rights at the heart of organizing on the ground and online,...

Indefinite Pretrial Detention in Egypt: Rotation and Detention Pending Multiple Cases

In recent years, Egyptian authorities have increasingly turned pretrial detention from an exceptional legal measure to a punitive tool used regularly against human rights defenders, journalists, and individuals perceived to be critical of the government. They have done so both...

Organizing in Egypt: Legislative Fact Sheet

Since the January 25 Revolution, a number of decrees and laws have been passed in Egypt that significantly affect and implicate the key rights at the heart of organizing on the ground and online, including the rights to freedom of...

Organizing in Tunisia: Legislative Fact Sheet

Since the Jasmine Revolution, a number of decrees and laws have been passed in Tunisia that implicate and affect key rights at the heart of organizing on the ground and online, including the rights to freedom of expression, association, assembly,...

Q&A with ECCHR’s Patrick Kroker: Syrian War Crimes in Foreign Courts

Since 2011, Syrian survivors, human rights defenders, and others have filed over 20 complaints in legal and judicial systems outside of Syria against Syrian regime officials for war crimes and other violations of international law. These complaints have been filed...

Why Accountability in Foreign Courts for Syrian War Crimes Matters

The Syrian War may be the most well-documented conflict in history. Civilians have recorded countless hours of war crime footage and regime defectors have smuggled out thousands of documents and photos detailing systematic regime abuses. Video, photo, document, social media,...

Loophole for Authoritarianism: Access to Justice in time of emergency

The fast spread of COVID-19 had led governments in the MENA region to take vast protective measures to control and contain the spread aiming to protect as many of their citizens, including the shutting down of schools and public spaces,...

The First Prosecution of SGBV in Syrian Detention Centers

On 17 June 2020, the European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR), along with the Syrian Women’s Network and Urnammu, filed the first-ever criminal complaint on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in Syrian detention centers. The complaint was filed...

Targeting the last line of defense: Egypt’s attacks against lawyers

In Targeting the last line of defense: Egypt's attacks against lawyers, the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) and the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP) call on the Egyptian authorities to immediately end their crackdown on lawyers and unconditionally...

Due Process and COVID-19 in the MENA Region

The spread of COVID-19 had led governments across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region to take extraordinary and largely unprecedented preventative and responsive measures. Invoking the exceptional nature of this moment, many countries have declared health-related states of...