Reports & Briefs

TIMEP Brief: The Return of Refugees

Summary As of August 2019, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that it had registered over 5.6 million Syrians as refugees outside of Syria and estimated that there are 6.2 million internally displaced people within the...

TIMEP Brief: Conscription Law

Background: Syria’s Legislative Decree No. 30 of 2007, formally called the “Flag Service Law,” (herein referred to as the “Conscription Law”), governs compulsory and reserve military service, and was issued on May 16, 2007 by President Bashar al-Assad. The Conscription...

Photo of the Ministry of Social Solidarity

TIMEP Brief: Law No. 149 of 2019 (NGO Law)

Background: The Law Governing the Pursuit of Civil Work (commonly known as the NGO Law), Law No. 149 of 2019, went into effect after President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi ratified the law and it was published in the edition of the Official Gazette...

TIMEP Monthly Briefs: July 2019

At the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), we strive to produce rigorous research, data-driven analysis, and policy tools that advance more effective policies toward the Middle East and Africa. This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant...

TIMEP Brief: Church Construction Law

Background: Egypt’s Church Construction Law (Law No. 80 of 2016) was approved by the House of Representatives on August 30, 2016, in implementation of Article 235 of the 2014 Egyptian Constitution. That article required the House, in its first term...

TIMEP Brief: LGBTQ Human Rights in Egypt

Summary: During the rule of former president Hosni Mubarak and under current President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi, the Egyptian government has appealed to its conservative base by positioning itself as a moral authority, instituting laws and upholding social norms that arbitrate...

TIMEP Monthly Briefs: June 2019

At the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), we strive to produce rigorous research, data-driven analysis, and policy tools that advance more effective policies toward the Middle East and Africa. This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant...

TIMEP Brief: Bankruptcy Law

Background: Egypt’s Bankruptcy Law (Law No. 11 of 2018) was issued as part of a series of economic reform laws that collectively seek to implement the reform program agreed upon under the Extended Arrangement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF),...

TIMEP Brief: Executions and the Death Penalty

Summary: Since July 2013, Egyptian courts have increasingly carried out executions. According to reporting by the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), authorities carried out 49 and 43 executions in 2017 and 2018 respectively, a stark escalation from years prior....

TIMEP Brief: Accountability in U.S. Arms Transfers

Summary:   Every year, the United States Congress appropriates billions of dollars to support foreign security forces by supplying training and equipment in an effort to maintain foreign policy and national security objectives. However, few avenues exist to hold foreign governments...