Reports & Briefs

TIMEP Monthly Briefs: May 2019

At the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), we strive to produce rigorous research, data-driven analysis, and policy tools that advance more effective policies toward the Middle East and Africa. This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant...

TIMEP Brief: Industrial Licensing Law

Background: The Law on the Simplification of the Procedures for Licensing Industrial Installations (Industrial Licensing Law) was approved by the cabinet in January 2017. It was subsequently approved by the House of Representatives in March 2017, and went into effect...

TIMEP Brief: Press Freedom in Egypt

Summary: Egypt today is among the world’s worst offenders against press freedom. While Egypt’s current constitution enshrines a free press, bans censorship, and ensures press independence, these rights are not protected in practice. The government has frequently imprisoned journalists or...

TIMEP Brief: The Law Regulating the Press, Media, and the Supreme Council for Media Regulation

Background: The Law Regulating the Press, Media, and the Supreme Council for Media Regulation (SCMR), Law No. 180 of 2018, went into effect after it was ratified by President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi and published in the Official Gazette edition dated...

Coverage Compilation: Analyzing Egypt’s Constitutional Amendments, Process and Implications

On April 23, 2019, Egypt’s National Election Authority announced that Egyptians had voted to approve a package of amendments to the constitution in a national referendum. The vote, which was announced as 88.8 percent approval with 44 percent turnout, was...

TIMEP Brief: Normalization of the Syrian Regime

Summary: After the Syrian regime violently cracked down on protests that began in March 2011, many nations cut diplomatic ties with Syria and the Arab League suspended Syria’s membership. In 2015, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2254, which...

TIMEP Brief: VAT Law

Background: The Value-Added Tax (VAT) Law was drafted and approved by the cabinet in May 2016. The House of Representatives approved the draft law in August 2016. The law went into effect when President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi ratified it and...

TIMEP Monthly Briefs: April 2019

At the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), we strive to produce rigorous research, data-driven analysis, and policy tools that advance more effective policies toward the Middle East and Africa. This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant...

TIMEP Brief: Egypt’s 2019 Constitutional Referendum

Summary: Following parliamentary approval of a broad package of constitutional amendments that expand the authority of the executive branch and military at the expense of the independence of the judicial and legislative branches, Egyptians voted on the amendments in a...

TIMEP Brief: 2019 Constitutional Amendments

Background: On April 16, 2019, 531 members of Egypt’s House of Representatives voted to approve a set of constitutional amendments to the country’s 2014 constitution. The amendments will next be voted on in a national referendum slated to take place April 19–21 for...