TIMEP Briefs

TIMEP Brief: Normalization of the Syrian Regime

Summary: After the Syrian regime violently cracked down on protests that began in March 2011, many nations cut diplomatic ties with Syria and the Arab League suspended Syria’s membership. In 2015, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2254, which...

TIMEP Brief: VAT Law

Background: The Value-Added Tax (VAT) Law was drafted and approved by the cabinet in May 2016. The House of Representatives approved the draft law in August 2016. The law went into effect when President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi ratified it and...

TIMEP Monthly Briefs: April 2019

At the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), we strive to produce rigorous research, data-driven analysis, and policy tools that advance more effective policies toward the Middle East and Africa. This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant...

TIMEP Brief: Egypt’s 2019 Constitutional Referendum

Summary: Following parliamentary approval of a broad package of constitutional amendments that expand the authority of the executive branch and military at the expense of the independence of the judicial and legislative branches, Egyptians voted on the amendments in a...

TIMEP Brief: 2019 Constitutional Amendments

Background: On April 16, 2019, 531 members of Egypt’s House of Representatives voted to approve a set of constitutional amendments to the country’s 2014 constitution. The amendments will next be voted on in a national referendum slated to take place April 19–21 for...

TIMEP Monthly Briefs: March 2019

At the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), we strive to produce rigorous research, data-driven analysis, and policy tools that advance more effective policies toward the Middle East and Africa. This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant information on regional...

TIMEP Brief: Investment Law

Background: Egypt’s Investment Law (Law No. 72 of 2017) was issued as part of a series of economic reform laws that collectively seek to meet Egypt’s obligations under the $12 billion International Monetary Fund loan agreement. The House of Representatives approved...

TIMEP Brief: Terrorist Entities Law

Background: The Law Organizing the Lists of Terrorists and Terrorist Entities (commonly known as the Terrorist Entities Law), Law No. 8 of 2015, went into effect after it was ratified by President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi and published in the Official Gazette...

TIMEP Monthly Briefs: February 2019

At the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), we strive to produce rigorous research, data-driven analysis, and policy tools that advance more effective policies toward the Middle East and Africa. This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant information on regional...

TIMEP Brief: Case 173: Egypt’s Foreign Funding Case

Summary: On December 20, 2018, the defendants in Case 173, popularly known as Egypt’s foreign funding case, were acquitted in a widely anticipated retrial. The case dates to 2011, when security personnel raided the headquarters of multiple foreign nongovernmental organizations...