Between 2013 and 2017, several European countries—most notably France and Germany, along with Russia—have provided Egypt with over $4.2 billion in arms sales.
Egypt’s Christians, who make up roughly 10 percent of the population, have long faced infringements on their rights and been marginalized from political and economic opportunities.
In August 2018 alone, the Trump administration released nearly $400 million in withheld military assistance to Egypt ($195 million in FY16 and $195 million in FY17).
The Counter-terrorism Law sets forth the official state definitions for a terrorist, terrorist act, and terrorist financing using vague language that is subject to broad interpretation.
The sum had been withheld in August 2017 on the basis of Egypt’s law on nongovernmental organizations, relations with North Korea, and the unresolved 2012–13 NGO trial.
After the revolution, public morality offenses have been consistently used against those who do not conform to some of Tunisia’s religious and cultural customs.
Mass trials, politicized death sentences, civilian trials in military courts, prolonged pretrial detention, and forced disappearances are all common violations of due process that occur in Egypt.
Egypt’s Protest Law has been invoked against peaceful assemblies and vague charges such as belonging to a banned group or disturbing public order are used to punish anyone publicly assembling.
The use of torture in police and military prisons and detention centers has been thoroughly documented by rights groups in Egypt, despite government claims that the use of torture is
An April video released by Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Mekameleen channel depicts what appears to be state-backed militiamen carrying out extrajudicial killings of civilians.