TIMEP Briefs

TIMEP Brief: European Arms Sales to Egypt

Between 2013 and 2017, France surpassed the United States as the top provider of arms to Egypt, providing almost 4 billion euros in supplies. This shift reflects major sales by France, including a deal to deliver 24 Rafale jets in...

TIMEP Brief: Christians in Egypt

Summary: Egypt’s Christians, who make up roughly 10 percent of the population, have long faced infringements on their rights and been marginalized from political and economic opportunities. Institutional and social discrimination, a problematic legal code, anti-Christian animosity, and sectarian violence...

TIMEP Brief: Fiscal Year 2019 Appropriations to Egypt

Summary: In recent years, the United States Congress and the Senate in particular have, through a series of hearings, statements, and appropriations bills, raised their concerns over the effectiveness of U.S. assistance to Egypt, focusing on end-use monitoring and human...

TIMEP Brief: Counter-terrorism Law

Background: On August 15, 2015, the Counter-terrorism Law was published in the Official Gazette and went into effect. It had previously been approved by the cabinet on July 1, 2015, during a period in which there was no sitting parliament....

TIMEP Brief: U.S. Release of $195 Million in Military Assistance to Egypt

Summary: In August 2018, the United States Department of State released $195 million in fiscal year 2016 military assistance to Egypt. The sum had been withheld in August 2017 on the basis of Egypt’s law on nongovernmental organizations, relations with...

TIMEP Brief: Personal Freedoms and Public Morality in Tunisia

Despite protections in the Tunisian Constitution guaranteeing freedom of belief and the liberty of conscience, the Tunisian Penal Code provides for prison terms of up to six months for the crimes of “defaming public morality” and “public indecency.” The broad...

TIMEP Brief: Right to Due Process in Egypt

Mass trials, politicized death sentences, civilian trials in military courts, prolonged pretrial detention, and forced disappearances are all common violations of due process that occur in Egypt. The government has been notably emboldened in its infringement on due process in...

TIMEP Brief: Protest and Freedom of Assembly in Egypt

Egypt’s Protest Law has been invoked against peaceful assemblies despite judicial and legislative attempts to liberalize its Article 10, which delineates the government’s power to prevent protests. Arrests under the Protest Law account for only 12 percent of protesters referred...

Torture in Egyptian Detention Centers

The use of torture in police and military prisons and detention centers has been thoroughly documented by rights groups in Egypt, despite government claims that the use of torture is rare. Since 2011, the number of cases seems to have...

Still from video released by Mekameleen

Leaked Video of Extrajudicial Killings Connected to Military

This briefing was updated on April 26, 2017. Initial reports described the uniformed men in the video as members of the Egyptian Armed Forces, but later reports made it clear that they are military-backed militiamen. This version of the briefing...