TIMEP Briefs

TIMEP Brief: Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

Summary: The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, a 6,500-megawatt hydroelectric power plant being constructed in Ethiopia, has been a major point of contention between Egypt and its southern neighbors, as the completion of the dam poses serious threats to Egypt’s dwindling...

TIMEP Brief: China’s Role in Egypt’s Economy

Summary: Since Egypt signed a multi-year 12.5 billion USD loan with the IMF in 2016, its government has dedicated its efforts to implementing wide-ranging economic reforms. These have included measures such as slashing subsidies, reforming tax structure, and removing currency...

TIMEP Brief: Export of Surveillance to MENA Countries

Summary: Companies around the world—including American, European, and Israeli private firms—are selling sophisticated surveillance technology to countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Although much of this technology is characterized as “dual use” due to its ostensibly legitimate...

TIMEP Brief: Use of Surveillance Technology in MENA

Summary: Governments across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have increasingly procured surveillance technology, often from technology firms based in North America and Europe , in the form of spyware, monitoring centers to intercept communication, and deep packet inspections that...

TIMEP Brief: Detention Conditions in Egypt

Summary: In September 2016, the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information estimated that there were about 106,000 detained persons in Egypt, though ANHRI noted these were modest estimates. Detainees in Egypt have been held in a variety of facilities including...

TIMEP Brief: The Return of Refugees

Summary As of August 2019, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that it had registered over 5.6 million Syrians as refugees outside of Syria and estimated that there are 6.2 million internally displaced people within the...

TIMEP Brief: Conscription Law

Background: Syria’s Legislative Decree No. 30 of 2007, formally called the “Flag Service Law,” (herein referred to as the “Conscription Law”), governs compulsory and reserve military service, and was issued on May 16, 2007 by President Bashar al-Assad. The Conscription...

Photo of the Ministry of Social Solidarity

TIMEP Brief: Law No. 149 of 2019 (NGO Law)

Background: The Law Governing the Pursuit of Civil Work (commonly known as the NGO Law), Law No. 149 of 2019, went into effect after President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi ratified the law and it was published in the edition of the Official Gazette...

TIMEP Monthly Briefs: July 2019

At the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), we strive to produce rigorous research, data-driven analysis, and policy tools that advance more effective policies toward the Middle East and Africa. This monthly compilation of TIMEP briefs offers succinct, policy-relevant...

TIMEP Brief: Church Construction Law

Background: Egypt’s Church Construction Law (Law No. 80 of 2016) was approved by the House of Representatives on August 30, 2016, in implementation of Article 235 of the 2014 Egyptian Constitution. That article required the House, in its first term...