Fact-Finding Fact Sheets
NCHR Fact-Finding

January 25 Revolution

Established by:

National Council for Human Rights (NCHR)

Mandate

To examine the crimes and violations that were committed in January and February 2011 during the January 25 Revolution.

Methodology

No specific methodology was detailed.

Named Members

None.

Findings

A full copy of the fact-finding committee’s report was not made available on the website. Only a summary of the findings can be accessed online. In this summary, the fact-finding committee examined the responsibility of the Ministry of Interior, the media, and the National Democratic Party for events during the January 25 Revolution.

  • The report states that the Ministry of Interior denied ordering the use of live ammunition on January 2011 protesters. However, the report points to a CD recording of Central Security Forces leaders discussing orders from the ministry to fire on protesters. The report also notes that the minister of interior, who had held his position since 1997 and controlled the ministry apparatuses, bears blame. The report links former president Hosni Mubarak to these events because of his leadership and power over the security apparatus, but does not provide any recommendations in this summary of the report. The report states that there is no evidence to hold the ministry accountable for the escape of prisoners during the revolution, but that the ministry is culpable for not increasing prison security during this time.
  • The report states that the media industry is guilty of inaccurately portraying the January 25 Revolution. The former minister of media, Anas al-Fiqi, is implicated in the report as partially responsible for inaccurate media reports. To address the issue of state control over Egyptian media, the fact-finding committee suggests holding media leaders who publish fake news accountable. The committee also makes the following recommendations: creating an independent national council to oversee the media industry; empowering the Press Syndicate, instead of the Supreme Press Council, to monitor the performance of the media, repealing the laws that impact freedom of the press, and passing a law to protect free access to information.
  • The report states that NDP officials are directly responsible for the death and injury of January 2011 protesters because they hired the “thugs” for the “Battle of the Camel.” NDP members are also held responsible for corrupting political life in Egypt, rigging elections, treating state funds as party funds, and forming a party paramilitary organization. Based upon these accurations, the fact-finding committee calls for the prosecutor-general to expand the investigation into the state money stolen by the NDP.

Recommendations

The fact-finding committee ends the report by highlighting positively the government’s proposed arrangement to pay reparations to disabled protesters or the families of those who died. It also calls for an official registry of martyrs to be created so that the committee’s recommendations can be implemented. These recommendations are:

  • to seek state-funded medical care for the injured;
  • to give special attention to the healing and rehabilitation of those with eye injuries;
  • to compensate disabled citizens following the same principles that the armed forces use to compensate disabled soldiers; and
  • to consider cases of total disability equal to cases of death for compensatory purposes.

Analysis

The summary of the fact-finding committee’s report revealed no major surprises. The information presented in the report constituted a surface-level commentary that did not include specific dates or sources. Furthermore, in its summary, the fact-finding committee only highlighted three actors out of a multitude of government officials that played a part in the revolution; it provided little substantive review of the actions taken by those actors. The committee’s methodology is not laid out. It does not state whether the committee’s conclusions are based on testimony from eyewitnesses, media reports, or statements from government officials.

Further, the report’s recommendations praise the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces and blame the Mubarak government; it only narrowly addresses the issue of reparations. The committee’s report received virtually no press coverage when compared to later, longer, and more thorough fact-finding initiatives on the events of the January 25 Revolution.

Report

A summary of the report is available in Arabic here.