Court / Presiding Judge
First Review: Cairo Criminal Court/Judge Osama Shaheen
Second Review: Cairo Criminal Court/Judge Hassan Hassanein
Final Review: Court of Cassation/Judge Farhan Batran
The court issued its verdict upon first review on May 21, 2014. A retrial then ensued and a renewed verdict was issued upon second review on May 9, 2015. Upon final review and on January 9, 2016, the Court of Cassation affirmed the prior verdict.
Upon first review, former president Hosni Mubarak was sentenced to three years in prison and his sons were sentenced to four years. Upon second review, Mubarak was sentenced to three years in prison and the sons to four years in prison; the court also ordered an LE125 million fine for the three defendants. They were additionally served with an order to return LE21 million to the state. The sentence upon final review was affirmed by the Court of Cassation.
Summary of Reasoning
This case involved the charge that former president Mubarak and his two sons embezzled millions of dollars' worth of national funds that were meant to be used to pay for renovating and maintaining presidential palaces but were instead spent on upgrading their private farms.
This sentence was the first final sentence to be issued against former president Mubarak. It was also the only corruption case against the Mubarak family that was ultimately upheld.
Legal & Judicial Implications
In the wake of the January 25 Revolution, mounting accusations of corruption were made against the Mubarak family and the cabinet. Despite the significant amounts of money at stake, convictions have been relatively minor and many have been overturned, and little government action has been taken to ensure that similar practices enabling government corruption are not repeated.