The trial of former President Hosni Mubarak began today. Mubarak “categorically” denied the crimes of which he was accused, namely “profiteering, illegal business-dealing involving Israeli gas exports, and the unlawful killing of protesters who rose up to challenge his rule.” Mubarak, bedridden due to illness, appeared in court alongside nine codefendants accused of various charges—his sons, Alaa and Gamal, Habib al-Adly, his former Interior Minister, and six police officers. Clashes outside the courtroom resulted in 53 people being injured, and the trial was adjourned until August 15 following the defendants’ entering of pleas.