University Law

Description Legal Context
An amendment which mandates that university heads & department heads be appointed by the President. The amendment also allows the President to terminate university heads upon approval of the Supreme Council of Universities “if he/she violates his/her duties towards the university and/or their presidential responsibilities.” Article 21 of the Constitution ensures the independence of universities; allowing the President the authority to appoint university leadership raises questions as to whether universities can maintain that independence appropriately. The broad language of this provision also raises questions as to whether it will be used to implicate the rights of university and department heads to freedom of expression, enshrined in Article 65 of the Constitution and Article 19 of the International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights.