Special Reports

TIMEP Brief: Personal Freedoms and Public Morality in Tunisia

Download PDF Despite protections in the Tunisian Constitution guaranteeing freedom of belief and the liberty of conscience, the Tunisian Penal Code provides for prison terms of up to six months for the crimes of “defaming public morality” and “public indecency.” The broad language in the penal code as well as the lack of a legal definition for public morality and the state’s role to uphold it allows police undue power in arbitrating crimes

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TIMEP Brief: Freedom of Association

Download PDF Egypt severely restricts freedom of association, despite the protections of the right in the constitution, with court cases targeting prominent rights defenders, wide-ranging travel bans and asset freezes, bureaucratic hurdles to organization, and a regressive new law on nongovernmental organizations. A short period in 2011 saw an expansion in the number and character of civil society groups, but was quickly interrupted when security

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TIMEP Brief: Right to Due Process in Egypt

Download PDF Mass trials, politicized death sentences, civilian trials in military courts, prolonged pretrial detention, and forced disappearances are all common violations of due process that occur in Egypt. The government has been notably emboldened in its infringement on due process in the period after the official announcement of President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi’s second term, with the unjust detention and trials of high-profile activists, researchers,

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TIMEP Brief: Press Freedom in Egypt

Download PDF Reporters Without Borders ranked Egypt 161st out of 180 countries for press freedom in 2017, citing campaigns by security forces to marginalize dissenting media opinions and the passage of a law that created a monitoring body with the power to fine or suspend media outlets. Tactics including imprisonment of individual journalists, media blackouts, channel closures or blockages, and laws criminalizing “false news” have been

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Raising the Stakes: Implications of a Second Sisi Term

العربية Download PDF Egypt’s 2018 presidential elections offer little illusion of any outcome than incumbent Abdel-Fattah el Sisi’s certain reelection to a second term; any expectation for free and fair elections was lost after four years of unprecedented constriction of space for political organization, culminating with the elimination of any credible challenger to his rule. Even, theoretically, competitive elections could only produce

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Egypt Parliament Watch: Session II Report October 2016 – September 2017

Download PDF When Egypt’s current legislature gathered under the dome of the parliament building on January 10, 2016, the country completed the final step in its “democratic road map.” But simply convening as a parliament does not necessarily mean that body is truly engaging in democratic practice; further analysis is necessary to examine the function of the parliament and the ability of members to uphold their sworn oath to respect rule

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SPECIAL BRIEFING: Attack at Rawda Mosque

INTRODUCTION Download PDF During Friday prayers on November 24, a group of armed assailants attacked worshipers at Belal Mosque in the village of Rawda in North Sinai, killing 311 civilians, among them 27 children, and injuring 128. Egypt’s public prosecutor and eyewitnesses placed the number of assailants between 25 and 30, reporting that they used explosives and gunfire in an attempt to kill all inside, barring egress for those trying to flee.

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SPECIAL BRIEFING: Bahariya Oasis Incident

Download PDF On Friday, October 20, a convoy of Egyptian security personnel attempting a counter-terror raid was overcome by militants near Bahariya Oasis, about 85 miles southwest of Cairo. The Ministry of Interior reported the deaths of 11 officers (including two brigadier generals), one sergeant, and four conscripts, with 13 injured and one missing. Other reports, relying on anonymous security officials, have placed the death toll at over 50.

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TIMEP Brief: Protest and Freedom of Assembly in Egypt

Egypt’s Protest Law has been invoked against peaceful assemblies despite judicial and legislative attempts to liberalize its Article 10, which delineates the government’s power to prevent protests. Arrests under the Protest Law account for only 12 percent of protesters referred to Egyptian courts. The state also employs a panoply of vague charges, including belonging to a banned group and disturbing public order, to punish anyone publicly (and

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TIMEP Brief: Torture in Egyptian Detention Centers

The use of torture in police and military prisons and detention centers has been thoroughly documented by rights groups in Egypt, despite government claims that the use of torture is rare. Since 2011, the number of cases seems to have increased, suggesting that the practice is becoming more systemic. Because of the sensitivity associated with such cases, exact figures are difficult to verify. However, between June 2014 and January 1, 2016, there

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