Special Reports

SPECIAL BRIEFING: Attack at Rawda Mosque

INTRODUCTION Download PDF During Friday prayers on November 24, a group of armed assailants attacked worshipers at Belal Mosque in the village of Rawda in North Sinai, killing 311 civilians, among them 27 children, and injuring 128. Egypt’s public prosecutor and eyewitnesses placed the number of assailants between 25 and 30, reporting that they used explosives and gunfire in an attempt to kill all inside, barring egress for those trying to flee.

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SPECIAL BRIEFING: Bahariya Oasis Incident

Download PDF On Friday, October 20, a convoy of Egyptian security personnel attempting a counter-terror raid was overcome by militants near Bahariya Oasis, about 85 miles southwest of Cairo. The Ministry of Interior reported the deaths of 11 officers (including two brigadier generals), one sergeant, and four conscripts, with 13 injured and one missing. Other reports, relying on anonymous security officials, have placed the death toll at over 50.

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TIMEP Brief: Protest and Freedom of Assembly in Egypt

Egypt’s Protest Law has been invoked against peaceful assemblies despite judicial and legislative attempts to liberalize its Article 10, which delineates the government’s power to prevent protests. Arrests under the Protest Law account for only 12 percent of protesters referred to Egyptian courts. The state also employs a panoply of vague charges, including belonging to a banned group and disturbing public order, to punish anyone publicly (and

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TIMEP Brief: Torture in Egyptian Detention Centers

The use of torture in police and military prisons and detention centers has been thoroughly documented by rights groups in Egypt, despite government claims that the use of torture is rare. Since 2011, the number of cases seems to have increased, suggesting that the practice is becoming more systemic. Because of the sensitivity associated with such cases, exact figures are difficult to verify. However, between June 2014 and January 1, 2016, there

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SPECIAL BRIEFING: Attacks Against Security Forces Continue in Egypt’s North Sinai

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS Wilayat Sinai, the Islamic State’s affiliate in the Sinai Peninsula, on Monday claimed responsibility for an attack on a police convoy on the Qantara-Arish Road in the Taloul area of North Sinai (about 20 miles west of Arish) that killed 18 police personnel and wounded seven. (One source in Sinai put fatalities at 19 and injuries at 20.) A number of militants reportedly initiated the attack with a series of improvised explosive

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SPECIAL BRIEFING: Developments in U.S.-Egypt Aid Relationship

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS UPDATE, September 7, 2017: On September 6, the office of Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT), vice-chairman of the Committee on Appropriations, issued a summary of the Senate’s State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Subcommittee (SFOPS) fiscal year 2018 spending bill. With regard to Egypt, the bill proposes the allocation of $1 billion in security assistance, a $300 million cut from the levels enacted in past years, and from

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Tiran and Sanafir: Developments, Dynamics, and Implications

On June 24, 2017, President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi officially signed into effect the controversial Tiran and Sanafir agreement, giving Saudi Arabia sovereignty over the two Red Sea islands at the mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba. The signature was met with protest in Egyptian government branches and public spaces. The latest report from the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy, “Tiran and Sanafir: Developments, Dynamics, and Implications,”

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Egypt Parliament Watch: Mid-Session Report October 2016 – May 2017

Egypt’s House of Representatives began its second session on October 1, 2016. The body gathered in the resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh on October 9 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of parliamentary politics in Egypt. The event was an international affair and President Abdel-Fattah El Sisi delivered a speech in which he described the parliament as “the most pluralistic chamber in the country’s history.” However, despite its apparent pluralism,

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TIMEP Brief: European Arms Sales to Egypt

Although the United States continues to be its chief provider, Egypt has diversified its weapons supply, purchasing more arms from Europe and Russia since 2014 than ever before. Europe and Russia have welcomed sales to Egypt (and the rest of the Middle East and North Africa) as their traditional market (NATO allies and other European states) has not grown since 2012. The increased ties that the arms sales have engendered between European countries

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A Fragile Egypt in a Changing World: Six Years After the Revolution

Amid turmoil in the Middle East and changes in world leadership, much has been made of Egypt’s stability, but already in 2017 we have seen how much of this is illusory, with terrorism, sectarianism, and social and economic upheaval rampant, and legal and constitutional concerns remain. “A Fragile Egypt in a Changing World” explores the issues facing Egypt, taking a deep dive into the events of 2016 through a summary, background, and analysis,

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